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Cream skimming in Education

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This framework results in a simple formula showing that the cream-skimming effect is increasing in the degree of heterogeneity within schools, the school choice takeup rate of strong students relative to weak students, and the importance of peers. We use the formula to investigate the effects of a voucher program on the high school graduation rate of the students who would remain in public school. We employ NELS:88 data to measure the characteristics of public school students, to estimate. Private schools in the US are shown to have cream skimming effects; 1 that is, they skim off the most able and wealthiest students [Epple and Romano (2008)]. Also, in the United States, the. Epple and Romano (1998) show equilibrium provision of education by public and private schools has the latter skim off the wealthiest and most‐able students, and universal vouchers lead to further cream skimming. Here we study voucher design that injects private‐school competition and increases technical efficiencies without cream skimming Epple and Romano (1998) show equilibrium provision of education by public and private schools has the latter skim off the wealthiest and most‐able students, and universal vouchers lead to further cream skimming. Here we study voucher design that injects private‐school competition and increases technical efficiencies without cream skimming. Conditioning vouchers on student ability without.

Overall, the findings from this study suggest that there is no evidence that PPP programs are 'cream skimming' by enrolling students with similar profiles as private school students. The evidence indicates that the School Education Department is targeting somewhat similar populations through PPPs and public schooling initiatives. Based on the results of this study, it may even be possible that some PPP programs such as the NSP are doing a slightly better job than public. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Cream skimming is a pejorative conceptual metaphor used to refer to the perceived business practice of a company providing a product or a service to only the high-value or low-cost customers of that product or service, while disregarding clients that are less profitable for the company

Educational Vouchers and Cream Skimming - JSTO

Students who switch to better schools observe improved educational outcomes. • Students staying behind in low-performing schools are exposed to cream skimming. • Target Vouchers are able to avoid cream skimming and improve public schools. Abstract. Policy debates around the topic of educational vouchers as an approach to improve the public educational system are still ongoing. Schools would also engage in cream skimming and silt shifting to try and get the best pupils in their school and pass on lower ability pupils elsewhere. As such, working-class pupils and some minority-ethnic groups found themselves in the undersubscribed and under-funded schools lower down the league tables To assess cream skimming, we examined the entrance patterns of high-performing students using multiple definitions of academic and behavioral performance, including whether a student was above average in achievement relative to other students in the school they exited and whether the student had any discipline incidents in the prior year. While students' academic and discipline histories are not perfect measures of their academic performance and behavior, schools may nonetheless.

Cream skimming= Selecting higher ability and cost less to teach. Silt-Shifting= Loading students with loading students with learning disabilities, get poorresults. John Fritz found that in a study of Grant School, which were 'reinventng tradition' spent £10,000 on an organ for assemblies and renamed the canteent the dining hall Cream-skimming in this context refers to private schools' preferential selection of students based on their socioeconomic characteristics Milk and whey cream skimming Clarification of milk and whey Bacteria removal from milk and whey Cream concentratio

The National Charter School Research Project (NCSRP), an initiative of the Center for Reinventing Public Education, annually assesses the national charter school movement in a report titled Hopes, Fears, & Reality: A balanced look at American charter schools. In their 2009 report, they discussed trends from 2005 to 2009 and found that charter schools serve a larger proportion of students of. Definition. Term applied to new attitudes and policies regarding vocational education introduced by Conservative governments between 1979 and 1997. Not based upon apprenticeship-type systems (on-the-job training for skilled manual jobs) but aimed to deal with high-unemployment among low-skilled school-leavers. Term Third and finally, in a school system where schools can select their pupils, either directly by cream skimming (i.e. selecting students by ability or family background) or indirectly by tuition fees, school segregation will increase. This is the case for some types of non-public schools in school systems in many countries. In Sweden, neither public nor independent schools at the compulsory level are allowed to directly cream-skim or to charge tuition fees. There is however scope for. Across the various school choice programs, magnet schools have the most evidence of cream skimming, but this might be expected as they often have selective admissions. For charter schools, we do not find patterns in the data consistent with cream skimming, but we do find evidence consistent with pushout behaviors based on discipline records. Finally, some have raised concerns that students may.

Cream Skimming in Texas 26 small relative to traditional public schools, thus analyses examining individual schools often suffer from small sample sizes. This study seeks to add to the small but growing body of literature that focuses on the characteristics of students entering charter schools. This study does not directly examine th Estimating the Cream Skimming E⁄ect of Private School Vouchers on Public School Students1 (Preliminary and Incomplete) Joseph G. Altonji Yale University and NBER Ching-I Huang Northwestern University Christopher R. Taber Northwestern University and NBER November 8, 2005 1This research was supported by a grant from the Searle Foundation, the Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern. Downloadable (with restrictions)! Epple and Romano (1998) show equilibrium provision of education by public and private schools has the latter skim off the wealthiest and most-able students, and universal vouchers lead to further cream skimming. Here we study voucher design that injects private-school competition and increases technical efficiencies without cream skimming Private education in India: a novel test of cream skimming He also accused majority of elite institutions, as being engaged in cream skimming without realizing that they were promoting objectionable values and inequality in the society. Elite institutions hurting ethics, promoting inequality in societ The cream skimming effect is increasing in the degree of heterogeneity within schools, the school choice take-up rate of strong students relative to weak students, and the dependence of school outcomes on student body quality. We use the formula to investigate the cream skimming effect of hypothetical voucher programs on the high school.

Educational Vouchers and Cream Skimming NBE

Cream skimming in the education system describes how the best students are selected, and the worst students are ignored. As earlier discussed, wealthy parents may opt for private schools, but the rest are left to lag in the system. The educational system's goal is to prepare all students for the economy in various careers and occupations. The concept of cream-skimming would be best implemented. Educational Vouchers and Cream Skimming Dennis Epple and Richard Romano NBER Working Paper No. 9354 November 2002 JEL No. I2, H42 ABSTRACT Epple and Romano (1998) show equilibrium provision of education by public and private schools has the latter skim off the wealthiest and most-able students, and flat-rate vouchers lead to further cream skimming. Here we study voucher design that would.

Estimating the Cream Skimming Effect of School Choice NBE

Epple and Romano (1998) show equilibrium provision of education by public and private schools has the latter skim off the wealthiest and most-able students, and flat-rate vouchers lead to further cream skimming. Here we study voucher design that would inject private-school competition and increase technical efficiencies without cream skimming. Conditioning vouchers on student ability without. Welcome to the Profit of Education website. Continuing the conversation begun in the book and this cream skimming effect hurts those left behind due to a diminished peer effect. Unpublished research by Altonji, Huang, and Taber, suggests that both parts of the argument show up in practice. However, the research also suggests that the effect is pretty small. The authors looked to see. Curbing Cream-Skimming: Evidence on Enrolment Incentives* Can enrolment incentives reduce the incidence of cream-skimming in the delivery of public sector services (e.g. education, health, job training)? In the context of a large government job training program, we investigate whether the use of enrolment incentives that set differen Curbing cream-skimming: Evidence on enrolment incentives Pascal Courty, Do Han Kim, and Gerald Marschke1 September 2010 education, and health, has raised concerns as to their impact on who is chosen to receive services, and on the equity and efficiency of service delivery. At the center of this debate is whether incentives induce service providers to cream-skim, that is, to select.

Open enrolment and cream skimming. As the best schools became oversubscribed due to open enrolment, a polarisation occurred as WC went to the worst schools and MC the best as covert selection was occurring my means of cream skimming, reintroducing a divisive education system the comprehensive system tried to eradicate after the tripartite system. Open enrolment and school strategies - Tough. 14-16 education in both schools was organised through banding and streaming: students were put in the top bands if teachers believed they had the ability to sit the higher tier, more difficult exam paper, but restricted to the lower bands if it was thought their maximum potential was a C grade. Gilborn and Youdell further argued that the schools operate a 'triage' system based on the. Belgian 'cream-skimming' More choice of school has led to problems New Economy [now Public Policy Review], Vol 3, No 4, pages 230-235. V.Vandenberghe** Abstract In this paper, we shortly comment on empirical results suggesting that quasi- markets — as they operate in French-Speaking Community of Belgium — are synonymous with ability segregation partly imputable to cream-skimming. We. The evidence is suggestive of both cream skimming and cropping off educational provision to particular groups of students. It is concluded that the introduction of market oriented reforms into public school systems requires monitoring and effective regulation to ensure that autonomous schools do not act in their own self-interest. Keywords charter schools, autonomy, admissions. Cream-Skimming: Evidence from a School Voucher Reform Ana M. Gazmuri y September 25, 2017 Abstract Critics of school choice argue that when private schools compete with public schools, they select the best public school students (cream-skim), increasing socioeconomic seg-regation. I study the mechanisms that underlie student sorting in a mixed public-private system using a 2008 education.

Estimating the Cream Skimming Effect of School Choice Joseph G. Altonji Yale University and National Bureau of Economic Research Ching-I Huang National Taiwan University Christopher R. Taber University of Wisconsin and National Bureau of Economic Research We derive a formula to determine the degree to which a school choice program may harm public school stayers by luring the best students to. Cream-skimming - selecting higher ability students who gain the best results and cost less to teach. Silt-shifting - offloading students which learning difficulties who are expensive and get poor results. Signing a contract One way that WC students can be disadvantaged is through the home/school contract. Selective schools often require parents to sign demanding contracts. Gewirtz. Texas Education Review; View Item; JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Cream Skimming in Texas: A Comparison of the Characteristics of Students Entering High-Profile Charter Schools in the Same Zip Code. View/ Open. Ed-Fuller_Cream-Skimming-in-Texas.pdf (678.3Kb) Date 2014. Author. Fuller, Ed. Share Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. Metadata. with cream skimming, but we do find evidence consistent with pushout behaviors based on discipline records. Finally, some have raised concerns that students may be pushed out near accountability test dates, but our results suggest no evidence consistent with this claim. Acknowledgements: We would like to thank Sarah Smith for assistance in editing the manuscript. This paper was generously.

Cream skimming in education means that schools select higher ability pupils (mainly middle-class children) who gain the best results and therefor cost less to educate. Silt-Shifting however is the idea that schools also off load pupils with learning difficulties who are there for expensive to teach and will cost the school more money than the average child. This can disadvantage working class. External factors Cultural deprivation Theorists argue that we acquire basic values and attitudes needed for educational success through primary socialisation in the family. However many working class families fail to socialise their children adequately, as a result they develop culturally deprived. There are three main aspects of cultural deprivation : Intellectual development, attitudes and. EconStor is a publication server for scholarly economic literature, provided as a non-commercial public service by the ZBW Curbing cream-skimming: evidence on enrolment incentives (2008) Marschke, Gerald; Kim, Do Han; Courty, Pascal. Bestellen über Zugriff (Open Access) Abstract. Can enrolment incentives reduce the incidence of cream-skimming in the delivery of public sector services (e.g. education, health, job training)? In the context of a large government job training program, we investigate whether the use.

Educational Vouchers and Cream Skimming Request PD

  1. g: Evidence from a School Voucher Reform Ana M. Gazmuri y Abstract Critics of school choice argue that when private schools compete with public schools, they select the best public school students (cream-skim), increasing socioeconomic seg-regation. I study the drivers of student socioeconomic segregation in a mixed public-private system using a 2008 education reform implemented.
  2. g and silt-shifting; schools selecting high-ability students, offloading students with learning difficulties to other schools to avoid expense and bad results. Walford (1991) City technology colleges; vocational education for all classes, attractive to middle classes as they were seen as being the next best thing to a grammar school. Fitz (1997) Grant maintained schools opted out.
  3. g in Public Schools of Choice | Gerald R. Ford School of Public Polic
  4. g We consider a set of at least two pupils, denoted by I. We assume that for the measurement of schoo
  5. g in the delivery of public sector services (e.g. education, health, job training)? In the context of a large government job training program, we investigate whether the use of enrolment incentives that set different 'shadow prices' for serving different demographic subgroups of clients, influence case workers' choice of intake.
  6. g might develop and others where more research is needed. Moreover, the evidence does not support the claims of some charter school advocates that charter schools serve an especially disadvantaged population of students. Regarding the question of public funding, privatization in the education context may have the effect of creating an.

The typical charter school's practice of cream-skimming would not only tend to draw the top standardized test scoring students away from Summit's traditional public schools resulting in lower district-wide standardized test scores such as those administered by NJASK and the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act but also lead to financial and operational penalties under NCLB because of the. Cream skimming has been observed in Pennsylvania (Schneider & Epstein, 1996) and in New York State (Narins, Dozier, Ling, & Zareba, 2005), two states that publish physician-level risk-adjusted mortality scores for cardiac procedures. Physicians in these states reported that after report cards were introduced, they were less likely to offer care to the most risky patients because of their. Discussion Public educators have long complained that private-school cream skimming leaves public schools with a population of students from families with lower incomes and less education, as well as students with lower average ability (a population also arguably more expensive to educate). The segregation by income, education, ability, and race, they argue, then further undercuts support.

Often takes place in Oligopolistic markets. The act of trying to attract high-end consumers with large real purchasing power. Then the firms leave the market - Hit and Run competitio Define Cream Skimming. means the pursuit of only the lowest cost or most cost- effective Energy Efficiency Measures, while forgoing or declining other cost Fintech Borrowers: Lax Screening or Cream-Skimming? Marco Di Maggio, Marco Di Maggio Harvard Business School and NBER. Send utility bills, or education, to provide a more accurate assessment of a consumer's financial behavior. We shed some light on this issue by regressing the interest rate on borrowers' characteristics, allowing for both linear and nonlinear effects, and controlling. Studies in education have documented, via classroom observation, teachers' differential treatment of students through their verbal and examine cream skimming in response to a prospective payment system in the health care sector in Italy and find that private hospitals are involved in cream skimming at a much higher rate than public and not-for-profit hospitals. 5 Information from.

Causal Inference in Education Research Seminar (CIERS): An Experimental Analysis of Cream Skimming in Public Schools of Choice. Isaac McFarlin, University of Florida. News and Events; All News; Seminars; All Events; Conferences | Special Events; Archived Events; Wednesday, January 25, 2017 8:30-10:00 AM 1220 Weill Hall (Ford School) Map. Tweet Google iCal Email. Abstract and paper not yet. Evaluating Claims that Charter Schools Practice Cream Skimming and Pushout | Education Next | Editor's Rating: Posted By: Curated Resource Link; 0 Shares; Like - 0 Dislike - 0. Pop-Up. This is an example pop-up that you can make using jQuery. Adam Kho Education Next. Post navigation. Prev Post. Curated Resource Link. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Your email address will not be. ability and income, cream skimming, will be the prevailing rule determining the final distribution of students into schools. Cream skimming and vouchers May 2013 32 We show that there is complementarity between school quality and student ability and discussed the relevancy of such in terms of overall efficiency and welfare implications of the resulting student allocation. For instance, we.

EDUCATIONAL VOUCHERS AND CREAM SKIMMING* - Epple - 2008

What is cream skimming in business? October 26, 2018 00:15 IST Updated: October 25, 2018 23:52 IST October 26, 2018 00:15 IST Updated: October 25, 2018 23:52 IST Share Article; PRINT A A A; This. Abstract. In China, the public employment training service is a public welfare activity carried out by the government to help employment-stricken people achieve employment and improve their vocational skills to meet market demand. However, in practice, there has been a cream-skimming phenomenon that undermines the fairness of service. It is difficult.. For many years, the conversation about equity in higher education has focused on the serious gaps in access for black and Hispanic people. 1 Awareness has also been growing that getting into. If cream-skimming were to occur, our estimates of the impact of HRRP would be biased, as some of the reductions in readmission rates could be attributed to cream-skimming. We cannot test this hypothesis or use the baseline severity in a hospital in our analysis because of the inability to track hospitals across years. For the same reason, some hospital attributes and their quartile groups can. T1 - Can public policy affect private school cream skimming? AU - Figlio, David N. AU - Stone, Joe A. N1 - Funding Information: 1Thanks to two anonymous referees, Dan Aaronson, Julian Betts, Jan Brueckner, Dennis Epple, Hamp Lankford, Rich Romano, Larry Singell, Jon Sonstelie, and seminar participants at several universities for helpful conversations on this topic. We gratefully acknowledge.

background characteristics, do accountability systems in education create incentives for cream-skimming? With school choice expanding, and subgroup definitions broad, do some schools and teachers meet public expectations by the subtle selection from at-risk subgroups of those students who are least at risk? 3) Untrustworthy statistics undermine the credibility of accountability and incentive. cream skimming than public and not-for-profit ones, while we observe no ownership differences regarding upcoding. Not-for-profit hospitals have the highest readmission index. Last, not-for-profit and public hospitals have the same efficiency levels, while private hospitals have the lowest technical efficiency. JEL classification: C51, I11, I18, L33 Keywords: Upcoding, Cream.

Cream skimming? Evaluating the access to Punjab's public

Quasi-Market Competition in Public Service Provision: User Sorting and Cream Skimming. Sejr Guul, T., Hvidman, U., & Henrik Sievertsen, H. (2021) Quasi-market competition in public service provision: User sorting and cream-skimming. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Note: see the folder teaching_example for an R script, a Stata do file, and a simplified version of the. Sweeping education reforms appear to be fuelling inequality in the schools system, according to a major analysis that shows high-performing and improving schools are accepting fewer children from. Under the Education (Admission to Schools) Act 2018, school boards of management are allowed to share information with each other about applications received, offers made and offers accepted. Changes from 2021. The Act introduces further rules around notifying schools where you have applied for, or accepted a place in more than one school. These changes are expected to come into effect in 2021. French immersion is a form of bilingual education in which students who do not speak French as a first language will receive instruction in French. In most French-immersion schools, students will learn to speak French and learn most subjects such as history, music, geography, math, art, physical education and science in French

Cream skimming - Wikipedi

In principle, however, the effect is ambiguous: a lower relative price of private education could exacerbate cream skimming, but on the other hand, it would provide additional opportunities for lower-income. students to attend private school. Increased competition from private schools may lead to more efficient public schools (as is suggested by Hoxby [17]), which could lead to a reduction in. Abstract: Epple and Romano (1998) show equilibrium provision of education by public and private schools has the latter skim off the wealthiest and most-able students, and universal vouchers lead to further cream skimming. Here we study voucher design that injects private-school competition and increases technical efficiencies without cream skimming. Conditioning vouchers on student ability. This study proposes to analyze the cream-skimming behavior of public service providers, and on the basis, dissects the formation mechanism of cream-skimming phenomenon in public employment training service. Open Access This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license. Download article (PDF) < Previous Article In Volume. Next Article In Volume > Proceedings 4th. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, volume 351 602. products at the highest price to the customers with the strongest economic purchasing power rather than the target customers with low profits, so as to quickly capture lucrative profits in the early stages of sales [1]. However, the cream-skimming phenomenon in market economy activities has intensified. Some. Can enrollment incentives reduce the incidence of cream-skimming in the delivery of public sector services (e.g. education, health, job training)? In the context of a large government job training program, we investigate whether the use of enrollment incentives that set different 'shadow prices' for serving different demographic subgroups of clients, influence case workers' choice of intake.

EDUCATIONAL VOUCHERS AND CREAM SKIMMING *, International

Menü DIPF | Leibniz-Institut für Bildungsforschung und Bildungsinformation. Suche. Wo soll gesucht werden? in Literatur suchen; in Forschungsdaten suche If there is massive cream-skimming going on, it doesn't show up in the data. That said, I've long believed that charter schools have a subtle advantage because they are schools of choice; by definition, there's something different about the families who choose them for their children and those who don't Understanding cream-skimming in NYC charters will require better data, review finds. EAST LANSING, Mich. (May 9, 2017) — In March, the Manhattan Institute released a report that explored the extent to which charter schools' success could be attributed to cream-skimming from struggling public schools in New York. The report claimed that NYC's charter schools performed better than.

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Skimming the Educational Cream. Megan McArdle May 4, 2010 . There has been a lot of hand-wringing recently about the hypertrophy of the American financial sector. Financial salaries, and salaries. Accordingly, as an examination of cream-skimming in charter schools, this report misses the mark. Professor Cordes writes, Addressing the question of cream-skimming in NYC charter schools will require the use of longitudinal student-level data and much more rigorous methods. Find the review by Sarah A. Cordes at A common argument leveled against charter schools is that they attract the most motivated and intelligent students from already struggling public schools. Marcus Winters seeks to examine this claim, known as cream-skimming, by comparing the performance of New York City's (NYC) charter middle schools with a set of traditional selective public middle schools, which admit students on the basis. Previous research has focused on the presence of cream-skimming or push out within charter schools (Booker, Zimmer, & Buddin, 2005; Zimmer et al., 2009; Zimmer & Guarino, 2013). Researchers have also examined educational attainment and income levels of parents participating in voucher programs relative to students eligible for voucher programs (Peterson 1998; Howell & Peterson 2000; Wolf. Cream-skimming, parking, and other intended and unintended effects of high-powered, performance-based contracts. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 32(3), 461 - 483. Google Scholar | Crossre

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Estimating the Cream Skimming Effect of School Choic

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Abstract: Can enrolment incentives reduce the incidence of cream-skimming in the delivery of public sector services (e.g. education, health, job training)? In the context of a large government job training program, we investigate whether the use of enrollment incentives that set different 'shadow prices ' for. Epple: The evidence about cream skimming is actually stronger in programs in other countries. The Chilean voucher program is one that fits the original universal flat rate. It's closer to (Friedman's) original vision of vouchers than any programs that we've had in the U.S. And the evidence there is that there was cream skimming and that the private schools did draw the more able students.

Encouraging cream-skimming and dreg-siphoning? Increasing

This is called cream skimming - even in professional circles. Our research group wanted to find out what consequences these changes had had, says Martinussen. Hospital doctors surveyed. A survey among hospital doctors was first conducted in 2006 when the latest reorganization was still relatively recent, and then again in 2016 when the scheme had been in place for a few years. I show that ignoring cream-skimming leads to underestimating poor parents' preferences for school quality. My model shows that heterogeneous parental preferences for high-SES peers seem to be the main driver behind socioeconomic segregation. I find that the decrease in cream-skimming induced by Chile's reform led to lower public school enrollment, and that strong preferences for high-SES peers. Causal Inference in Education Research Seminar (CIERS): An Experimental Analysis of Cream Skimming in Public Schools of Choice Isaac McFarlin, University of Florida. Michigan Economics Logo Abstract and paper not yet available. Michigan Economics Logo Related Links. Economics News & Events. Cream-Skimming-Effekt verursachte Endogenitätsverzerrung zu bewerten. Auf ein Sample von 282 Banken in 19 Reformländern wird hier ein zweistufiger Instrumenten-variablenansatz angewendet. In einem ersten Schritt wird dabei die Wahrscheinlichkeit des Erwerbs heimischer Banken durch ausländische Investoren unter Anwendung eines Panel-Probit-Modells geschätzt. In einem zweiten Schritt.

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The Economics of Education thus provides the analytical tools necessary to understand the complex relationships between current income inequality, access to education and future inequality. Reviews 'An excellent book; up-to-date and well organised. It brings together modern theoretical and empirical developments, and presents them lucidly. I learned a lot from it.' Gianni De Fraja. educational achievement between social classes. Two marks for each of two appropriate reasons clearly outlined or one mark for each appropriate reason partially outlined, such as: cream-skimming (1 mark); successful schools can attract higher achievers, who are more likely to be middle-class (+ 1 mark) Estimating the Cream Skimming E ffect of Private School Vouchers on Public School Students 1 (Preliminary and Incomplete) Joseph G. Altonji Yale University and NBER Ching-I Huang Northwestern University Christopher R. Taber Northwestern University and NBER October 15, 2004 1This research was supported by a grant from the Searle Foundation, the Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern. Competition, cream‐skimming and department performance within secondary schools 1. 1. Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association Conference, Glamorgan, 15-17 September 2005. View all notes. Peter Davies Institute for Education Policy Research , Staffordshire University , UK Correspondence p.i.davies@staffs.ac.uk, Shqiponje Telhaj Centre for Economics of Education.

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